Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre


Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre
(1881-1955)
   theologian, philosopher, paleontologist
   Known for his evolutionary interpretation of humanity and the universe, Pierre Teilard de Chardin was born in the château of Sarcenat, Orcines, Puy-de-Dôme. Entering the Jesuit order in 1899, he soon became interested in geology. After he wrote his thesis on prehistoric mammals (Les Mammifères de l'Écocene inférieur en France, 1922), he was appointed professor at the Institut catholique de Paris. Beginning at that time, he participated in a number of scientific expeditions to the Far East: the Gobi Desert (1928); excavations of deposits of prehistoric cultures at zhoukoudian, near Beijing (1926); an automobile trip organized by André citroën across central Asia to follow the Silk Road (1931-32); American expeditions to india (1935-36); and excavations of artifacts of Pithecanthropus in Java (1937-38). From this point on, the study of the stages of human development dominated the work of Teihard de Chardin, as he formulated his global vision, an optimistic evolutionism that sought to reconcile scientific theories with those of Catholicism. Cosmogenesis, biogenesis, and noogenesis are the basic stages in this thesis, which sees a progressive spiritualization of all matter and in which humankind is the key to God, who is the initial and final point (the alpha and the omega). Giving Christ a cosmic dimension, without denying grace or the supernatural, Teihard de Chardin can perhaps be construed as seeming to adopt an almost pantheistic position and, for this reason, the Holy Office sent a notice (1962) to those responsible for religious education to avoid or cautiously approach his writings. Teihard de Chardin's principal works include Le Phénomène humain (1955); L'Apparition de l'homme (1956); Le Milieu divin (1957); L'Avenir de l'homme (1959); and Lettres. He was named to the Academy of Sciences in 1950.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre — ▪ French philosopher and paleontologist born May 1, 1881, Sarcenat, Fr. died April 10, 1955, New York City  French philosopher and paleontologist known for his theory that man is evolving, mentally and socially, toward a final spiritual unity.… …   Universalium

  • Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre — (1881–1955)    Scientist and Theologian.    Teilhard was born near Clermont in France and he joined the Jesuit Order in 1899. For much of his career he worked in China as a palaeontologist and he spent his final years in the United States of… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Teilhard de Chardin,Pierre — Teil·hard de Char·din (tā yärʹ də shär dăɴʹ), Pierre. 1881 1955. French priest, paleontologist, and philosopher who maintained that the universe and humankind are evolving toward a perfect state. His written works include The Phenomenon of Man… …   Universalium

  • Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre — (1881–1955) French Jesuit, palaeontologist, and philosopher of nature. His principal work, Le Phénomène humain (completed 1946, published 1955, trs. as The Phenomenon of Man, 1959), espouses a synthesis of science and religion, seeing the… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre — ► (1881 1955) Científico, filósofo y teólogo jesuita francés, esp. dedicado a estudiar los orígenes del hombre. Elaboró una atrevida y discutida síntesis de los modernos conocimientos científicos con los datos de la fe. Obras: El fenómeno humano… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre —  (1881–1955) French scientist, priest, and philosopher …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • TEILHARD DE CHARDIN, Pierre — (1881 1955)    French JESUIT whose writings on RELIGION and EVOLUTION made him a CULT figure in the 1960s. His dubious involvement with the PILKDOWN MAN and pro FASCIST sympathies, however, cast a dark shadow over his academic achievements …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Teilhard de Chardin — Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin — Born May 1, 1881(1881 05 01) Orcines, France …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre teilhard de chardin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chardin. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1 …   Wikipédia en Français


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